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直流调速器|多功能直流UPS的设计
发布时间 : 2018-06-06 08:14 浏览量 : 63

YOUYUJISUANJI、CHENGKONGJIAOHUANJI、SHUJUTONGXUNCHULIXITONG、HANGKONGGUANLIHEYIYONGZHENDUANXITONGDENGJINGMIYIQIDUIGONGDIANXITONGDEBUJIANDUANHEKEKAOXINGDEYAOQIU,SHIDEDEDAOLEGUANGFANDEYINGYONGHEXUNSUDEFAZHAN。

SHIYONGUPSYOULIYUGAISHANYONGDIANZHILIANG,BAOHUYONGDIANSHEBEI。DUIYUTONGXUNXITONGDENGZHILIUYONGDIANFUZAIERYAN,CONGGONGDIANDEKEKAOXING、ANQUANXINGJIYUNXINGXIAOLVKAOLV,ZHILIUUPSJIAOZHIJIAOLIUUPSJUYOUGENGWEITUCHUDEYOUDIAN。

BENWENCONGUPSHEQIANSUANDEYUANLIJIXINGNENGRUSHOU,XIANGXILUNSHULEZHILIUUPSDESHEJIGUOCHENG,ZHEZHONGCHANMINGLEQIDESHEJIYIJU,BINGJICHULEYITAISHIYONGDEZHILIUUPSDESHEJIJIEGUO。FULUDESHIYANSHUJUZHENGMINGGAIDIANYUANXINGNENGYOULIANG,XINGJIABIGAO,YIJUYOUGONGCHENGSHIYONGJIAZHI。

2UPSGAISHU

UPSSHIBUJIANDUANDIANYUANDEJIANCHENG。ANQISHUCHUDIANYADEBOXINGKEFENWEIJIAOLIUSHI(ACUPS)HEZHILIUSHI(DCUPS)。

2.1JIAOLIUUPS

JIAOLIUUPSANQINIBIANQIDEGONGZUOFANGSHIYOUFENWEIZAIXIANSHI(Online)HEHOUBEISHI(Standby)LIANGZHONG。QIJIEGOUKUANGTURUTU1SUOSHI。

ZAIXIANSHIUPSDEGONGZUOYUANLISHI:DANGDIANWANGUinZHENGCHANGGONGDIANSHI,UinJIANGYAZHENGLIUWENYANIBIANQIK2(K2BIHE,K1DUANKAI)Uout,TONGSHIJINGCHONGDIANQIWEIDIANCHIZUBCHONGDIAN;DANGDIANWANGSHURUYICHANG(SHIYAHUOCHAOCHUZHENGCHANGFANWEI)SHI,K0DUANKAI,YOUDIANCHIZUBDAOYINERJIGUANNIBIANQIK2Uout。KONGZHIKAIGUANK1ZHIYOUZAINIBIANQIGUZHANGQIEDIANWANGGONGDIANZHENGCHANGSHICAIBIHE(K2DUANKAI),JINJINQIPANGLUZUOYONG。

HOUBEISHIUPSDENENGLIUSHI:ZAIDIANWANGGONGDIANZHENGCHANGSHI,UinK1(K2DUANKAI)Uout,TONGSHIUinJIANGYAZHENGLIUCHONGDIANQIDIANCHIZUB(NIBIANQIBUGONGZUO);DANGDIANWANGDIANYAYICHANGSHI,QINENGLIUBIANWEI:DIANCHIZUBNIBIANQIK2(K1DUANKAI)Uout。

YOUNENGLIUKEYIKANCHU:ZAIXIANSHIUPSDENIBIANQISHIZHONGCHUYUZAIXIANGONGZUOZHUANGTAI,ERHOUBEISHIUPSDENIBIANQIJINJINSHIDANGDIANWANGDIANYAYICHANGSHICAIQIDONG(HOUBEIGONGZUOZHUANGTAI)。

WULUNSHIZAIXIANSHIHAISHIHOUBEISHIUPS,QISHUCHUUoutDOUSHIJIAOLIUDIANYA。

 

TU1JIAOLIUUPSZUCHENGFANGKUANG

表1充电上限电压和充电电流 
 

需求工作时间(min)6102030601201803006001200放电电流(A)0.8Ah~24Ah3.50C2.75C1.67C1.00C0.60C0.33C0.27C0.17C0.09C0.05C30Ah~200Ah2.70C2.08C1.32C1.00C0.65C0.35C0.28C0.18C0.10C0.05C有效容量(%)0.8Ah~24Ah35465650606681859310030Ah~200Ah2735445065708490100108

 

BIAO3CHIXUGONGZUOSHIJIANYUYUNXUDEFANGDIANDIANLIUJIYOUXIAORONGLIANG

放电电流I0(A)<0.05C0.05C~0.10C0.10C~0.20C0.20C~0.40C0.40C~0.50C0.50C~0.60C0.60C~1.00C>1.00C下限电压(V)0.8~24Ah1.801.751.751.751.701.601.501.3030~200Ah1.901.801.751.701.601.601.501.50

 

BIAO3CHIXUGONGZUOSHIJIANYUYUNXUDEFANGDIANDIANLIUJIYOUXIAORONGLIANG

放电电流I0(A)<0.05C0.05C~0.10C0.10C~0.20C0.20C~0.40C0.40C~0.50C0.50C~0.60C0.60C~1.00C>1.00C下限电压(V)0.8~24Ah1.801.751.751.751.701.601.501.3030~200Ah1.901.801.751.701.601.601.501.50

 

BIAO2FANGDIANDIANLIUHEFANGDIANXIAXIANDIANYA

蓄电池的容量C工作方式充电上限电压(V/cell)最大充电电流(A)常规充电电流(A)工作温度(℃)设置电压(V)允许范围(V)温度系数(mV/℃)0.8Ah~24Ah周期服务202.452.45~2.50-5.00.3C0.1C后备202.2752.25~2.30-3.330Ah~200Ah周期服务252.452.45~2.50-5.00.3C0.1C后备252.252.23~2.28-3.3

 

ZHU:GESHENGCHANCHANGJIASHUJUYOUSUOBUTONG,SHEJISHIYIHUOHUTIYUappSHOUCEDEJISHUZHIBIAOWEIZHUN。

2.2ZHILIUUPS

HEJIAOLIUUPSYIYANG,ZHILIUUPSDEGUANJIANSHISHURUDIANYAZHONGDUANHOUDEXUNENGWENTI,DANDCUPSSHIJIANGBIANHUANHOUDEZHILIUDIANYAZHIJIESONGJIYONGDIANFUZAI。SHIXIANDCUPSZUIJIANDANDEFANGFASHIDIANWANGDIANYAJINGGUOZHENGLIULVBOWENYAHOUYUXUDIANCHIBINGLIAN。QIJIEGOURUTU2SUOSHI。

ZAISHURUZHENGCHANGSHI,DIANCHICHUYUFUCHONGZHUANGTAI(RWEICHONGDIANXIANLIUDIANZU);DANGWAIDIANWANGDUANDIANHOU,YOUDIANCHIJINGDAOLIUERJIGUANXIANGFUZAIGONGDIAN。

GAIFANGANDUIYUZHILIUFUZAIDEXIANZHUYOUDIANSHI,BUXUYAOZAIERCINIBIAN,XIAOLVGAO,KEKAOXINGQIANG,CHENGBENDI,BINGQIEXUDIANCHIDUIFUZAIDEDONGTAITEXINGYOUGAISHANZUOYONG。DANBUZUZHICHUSHI,DANGDIANCHIXIANGFUZAIGONGDIANSHI,DIANCHIDIANPINGBUWENDING——ZHUJIANXIAJIANG,WANGWANGXUYAOERCIWENYA。

3XUDIANCHIDEXINGNENGYUSHIYONG

XUDIANCHISHIUPSDEXINZANG,GULEJIEXUDIANCHIDEXINGNENGJISHIYONGFANGFASHISHEJIUPSDEJICHU。

MUQIANZAIUPSZHONGGUANGFANCAIYONGDESHIMIFENGMIANWEIHUQIANSUANXUDIANCHI,XINGNENGJIAOHAODEYOUMEIGUODEDEKE、GNB,DEGUODEYANGGUANG,YINGGUODEHUOKE,RIBENDETANGQIANDENGPINPAI。

3.1XUDIANCHIDECHONGDIAN

HENGLIUCHONGDIANFANGZHILECHUSHICHONGDIANDIANLIUGUODASHIDIANJIFAREERKENENGYINQIDEDIANCHIBAOLIE,BINGSHICHONGDIANSHIJIANDADASUODUAN。DANGDIANCHICHONGMANHOU,RENGJIXUHENGLIUCHONGDIANJIANGZAOCHENGDIANCHIGUOCHONG,DAOZHIDIANCHIGUORE。SUOYIDANGHENGLIUCHONGDIANCHONGDAOXIANDINGDIANYASHIZIDONGQIEHUANWEIHENGYACHONGDIAN,JIUKONGZHILEZHEIGEGUOCHENG,BIMIANLEDIANCHIDESUNHUAI。SUOYIHENGLIUHENGYACHONGDIANDUIXUDIANCHISHIBIJIAOHESHIDE。

RUOCAIYONGDADIANLIUKUAISUCHONGDIAN,SUIKEYISUODUANCHONGDIANSHIJIAN,TIGAOCHONGDIANXIAOLV,DANBIXUYANGEKONGZHIGUOCHONGBINGJIEJUEQUJIHUADEWENTI,CONGERSHICHONGDIANDIANLUBIANDEFUZA。

LINGWAI,WENDUDUICHONGDIANYEYOUYINGXIANG,DIANCHIDECHONGDIANSHANGXIANDIANYASUIWENDUDESHENGGAOERJIANGDI,YINCICHONGDIANQIDEXIANZHIDIANYAYINGYOUFUWENDUBUCHANG。

BIAO1JICHULECHANGGUIDEMIFENGQIANSUANXUDIANCHIDECHONGDIANSHANGXIANDIANYAHECHONGDIANDIANLIUSHUJU。

BIAOZHONGCWEIXUDIANCHIDEBIAOCHENGRONGLIANG,CHONGDIANSHANGXIANDIANYAWEIYIGEDANTIDIANCHI(2V)DESHUJU。RUBIAOCHENG12V/7AhDEDIANCHIYOU6GEDANTIZUCHENG,QICHONGDIANSHANGXIANDIANYAWEI2.275V×6=13.65V,HENGLIUCHONGDIANDIANLIUWEI0.1C=0.7A。

3.2XUDIANCHIDEFANGDIAN

DANGDIANWANGDUANDIANSHI,UPSZHONGDEXUDIANCHIXIANGFUZAIFANGDIAN。SUIZHENENGLIANGDEXIAOHAO,QIDUANDIANYAYESUIZHIERXIAJIANG。

TU2ZHILIUUPSKUANGTU

TU3DCUPSZONGTIFANGANKUANGTU

XUDIANCHIYUNXUDEFANGDIANXIAXIANDIANYAYUDIANCHIDEBIAOCHENGRONGLIANGJIFANGDIANDIANLIUYOUGUAN。BIAO2JICHULEFANGDIANDIANLIUHEFANGDIANXIAXIANDIANYADEGUANXI。

DIANCHIDERONGLIANGYIDINGSHI,CHIXUGONGZUOSHIJIANQUJUEYUFANGDIANDIANLIU,QIEDIANCHINENGFANGCHUDEYOUXIAORONGLIANGYEDADADIYILAIYUFANGDIANDIANLIU——FANGDIANDIANLIUYUEDA,YOUXIAORONGLIANGYUEXIAO,CHIXUGONGZUOSHIJIANYUEDUAN。BIAO3JICHULEBUTONGCHIXUGONGZUOSHIJIANSUOYUNXUDEFANGDIANDIANLIUHEDUIYINGDEYOUXIAORONGLIANG。

DIANCHIDEYOUXIAORONGLIANGHAISHOUFANGDIANQIJIANWENDUDEYINGXIANG,WENDUYUEDI,RONGLIANGYUEXIAO,TEBIESHIDANGHUANJINGWENDUDIYU+10℃SHI,BIAOXIANGENGWEIMINGXIAN。

SUOYIZAIXUANZEDIANCHIDEBIAOCHENGRONGLIANGSHI,YIDINGYAOKAOLVZUIDAFUZAIDIANLIU、HUANJINGWENDUSUODUIYINGDEYOUXIAORONGLIANGYIJIFANGDIANSHENDU(FANGDIANLIANGYUZONGRONGLIANGZHIBI),YIBIANJISUANYOUXIAOWEICHISHIJIAN,BINGSHEZHIHELIDEXIAXIANBAOHUDIANYA。

3.3XUDIANCHIDESHOUMING

XUDIANCHISHIYONGSHOUMINGSUODUANDEZHUYAOYUANYINYOUYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

(1)FANGDIANSHENDUHEFUDUDARONGLIANGFANGDIANHEDADIANLIUFANGDIANDOUHUISUODUANXUDIANCHIDESHIYONGSHOUMING,SUOYIZAIXUDIANCHIFANGDIANSHI,YIDINGYAOYOUFANGDIANSHENDUXIANZHI(SHEZHIFANGDIANXIAXIANDIANYAKONGZHI),YIFANGZHIDIANCHIGUOFANGDIAN;

(2)CHONGDIANRONGLIANGHEFUDUTAIDADECHONGDIANDIANLIUHUICHANSHENGDALIANGDEQITI,YIZHICHAOGUODIANCHIDEXISHOUNENGLI,DAOZHIDIANCHINEIBUYALIZENGDA,SHIQITISHENZHIDIANJIEYECONGFAMENYICHUDIANCHITIWAI,ZAOCHENGDIANCHISHIXIAO。GUOCHONGDIANHUIZAOCHENGDIANCHIJIBANLAOHUA,SUODUANDIANCHISHOUMING,SUOYI,WEILEBAOZHENGXUDIANCHISUISHICHUYU100%MANRONGLIANG,YOUYANZHANGSHIYONGSHOUMING,HENGLIUHENGYACHONGDIANSHIZUIHESHIDE;

(3)HUANJINGWENDUWENDUGUOGAOHEGUODIDOUHUIJIANGDIDIANCHIDESHIYONGSHOUMING。

4ZHILIUUPSDESHEJI

DCUPSDESHIXIANFANGANYOUYUSHEJIYAOQIU、SHEJISIXIANG、SHEJIFENGGEDEBUTONGERDUOZHONGDUOYANG。CONGKEKAOXING、XINGJIABIDENGJISHUJINGJIDEJIAODU,HUOHUTIYUappZHIDINGRUTU3SUOSHIFANGAN。

4.1SHURURONGHE

WEILEJINLIANGJIANSHAOXUDIANCHIDEQIYONGSHIJIAN,YANZHANGSHOUMING,JIAOLIUSHURUDUANCAIYONGDUOLUBINGLIANSHURU。ZHEIYANGZHIYAOQIZHONGYILUYOUDIAN,XITONGJIUYOUDIANWANGGONGDIAN,ERBUBIQIDONGBEIYONGDIANCHI。

FENBIEJIANGGELUJIAOLIUSHURUZHENGLIUBIANHUANWEIZHILIUMAIDONGDIANYA,ZAIJINXINGZHILIUWURAOQIEHUAN,JIANGDUOLUSHURURONGHEWEIYILUSHUCHU。ZHILIUQIEHUANDEYOUDIANSHI:DIANLUJIANDAN,KEKAOXINGGAO,WUCHUDIANQIEHUAN,DUIWAIWEIDIANLUFUSHEGANRAOXIAO。DUOLURONGHEHAIKEYILIYONGSANXIANGSHURUDIANYAXIANGWEIDEBUTONG,TIGAOZHENGLIUXIAOLV。

4.2ZHILIUBIANHUAN

KAOLVDAOCHONGFANGDIANKONGZHIJISHUCHUDIANLUDUISHURUDIANYASHUZHIJIWENDINGXINGDEYAOQIU,XIANJIANGZHENGLIULVBOHOUDEZHILIUGAOYAJINXINGYICIBIANHUANSHIBIYAODE,ERQIEZHEIDUITIGAOHOUJIGONGZUOKEKAOXING,YANZHANGSHIYONGSHOUMINGDOUYOUHENDAHAOCHU。

ANTU2SUOSHIYUANLI,DCUPSZHIYOUYILUSHUCHU,ERQIEQIDUANDIANYAZAISHURUSHIDIANSHISUIDIANCHINENGLIANGDEJIANXIAOERJIANGDI。SUOYI,WEILEMANZUDUOLUSHUCHUJIDIANYAWENDINGDEYAOQIU,WANGWANGYAOZAISHUCHUJIJIASHANGERCIZHILIUBIANHUAN。DANGRAN,DUIYUYUANCHENGFUZAIHUODUOYONGHUFUZAI,XIANJIANGDANLUSHUCHUSONGZHIYONGHUDUAN,ZAIJINXINGERCIZHILIUBIANHUAN,BUSHIWEIYIZHONGHAOFANGAN,ZHEIYANGKEYIJIANXIAOCHUANRAO,TIGAOGONGDIANZHILIANG。

ZHIYUQI,QIDIANLUXINGSHIHEGONGZUOFANGSHIDUOZHONGDUOYANG,DANYOUYUQICHENGSHUDEGONGYEPINYIJINGJIAOWEIPUJI,SUOYIZHIXUXUANDINGXIANGGUANDEPINPAIJICANSHUJIKE。MUQIANZHILIANGJIAOHAODEYOU:MEIGUODEVICOR、INTERPOINT,RIBENDECOSEL、λ,FAGUODEGAIA、ETRI,RUIDIANDEERICSSONDENGPINPAI。

4.3CHONGFANGDIANKONGZHI

JIEHEDI2JIE、DI3JIEZHONGDUIUPSHEXUDIANCHIYUANLIJIXINGNENGDETAOLUN,HUOHUTIYUappCAIYONGHENGLIUHENGYAFANGSHIZIDONGCHONGDIAN、ERJIGUANDAOYINDECHONGFANGDIANZIDONGQIEHUANHEFANGDIANXIAXIANDIANYAXIANZHI(ZIDONGQIEDUANFUZAITONGLU)。

TU4DC-UPSYUANLIDIANLU

ERJIGUANDAOYINDECHONGFANGDIANZIDONGQIEHUAN,SUIRANSUNSHIYIDINGDEDIANYA(ERJIGUANDAOTONGYAJIANG,XIAOYU1.0V),DANQIYOUDIANSHIWUCHUDIAN,XIANGYINGSUDUKUAI,KEKAOXINGGAO,QIEJIANYOUFANXIANGJIXINGBAOHUGONGNENG。

RUQIANSUOSHU,SHEZHIFANGDIANSHENDUXIANZHISHIBIXUDE,YOUYUFANGDIANRONGLIANGJISHENGYURONGLIANGBUHAOCEDING,GUZAIGONGCHENGSHANGCHANGYONGDIANCHIDEDUANDIANYALAICULVEGUJI,JIYIFANGDIANSHIDEDUANDIANYALAIBIAOMINGDIANCHIDESHENGYURONGLIANG。SUOYISHEZHIFANGDIANXIAXIANDIANYALAIXIANZHIFANGDIANDESHENDU。

5SHEJISHILI

HUOHUTIYUappYIMOUXINGTONGXUNJIDIANYUANWEISHILI,LAISHEJIYITAISHIYONGDEDCUPS。

5.1JISHUZHIBIAO

GAIJIZHUYAOJISHUZHIBIAORUXIA:

(1)SHURU:MEIXIANGAC220V±20%,SANLUSHURU(SANXIANGXINGXINGJIEFA);

(2)SHUCHU:DC+5V/3A,DC±12V/1.5A,DC+24V/1.0A,SILUSHUCHU;

(3)SHIDIANCHIXUGONGDIANSHIJIAN>1h;

(4)GONGZUOHUANJING:HUWAI(GONGYEPINJI)。

5.2YUANLIDIANLU

ANTU3SUOSHIFANGANSHEJIDEYUANLIDIANLURUTU4SUOSHI。QIZHUYAOSHEJIYIJURUXIA:

(1)YOUYUSHUCHUJIYAOQIUSILUTONGSHISHUCHU,QIEDIANYASHUZHIGEYI,YINCIMOJIBIXUJIARUDC/DCBIANHUANQI。YAOQIUPOmax=75W、SILUSHUCHU,SUOYIXUANYONGINTERPOINTHUOHUTIYUappDE(HR70328512),YINWEI+24VZHILUKEFUDISHUCHU,GUKUAJIEZAI±12VZHILUSHANG。QUSHURUDIANYAUIN=24V,JIXUDIANCHIDIANPINGWEI24V。YOUYUCHONGDIANQICAIYONGLM217HENGLIU,YAOQIUSHURUDUANDIANYAUImin≥(27.5+1.25+2.5)=31.25V。

QIZHONG:27.5VWEIXUDIANCHICHONGDIANSHANGXIANDIANYA

1.25VWEILM217DEJIBENYACHA

2.5VWEILM217DEZUIXIAOGONGZUOYACHA

SUOYIQIANJIDC/DCBIANHUANQIXUANYONGVICORHUOHUTIYUappDE(VIJ64CW),JIANGQISHUCHUDIANYADIAOZHI32V;

(2)YOUYUPOmax=75W,XUDIANCHIDUANDIANYAWEI24V,ZEIOmax=3.125A。YAOQIUCHIXUGONGZUO1h,JIYAOQIUDIANCHIDEYOUXIAORONGLIANGC′>3.125Ah。GENJUBIAO3SHUJU,DUIYU1hFANGDIANLV,QIYOUXIAORONGLIANGC′=0.6C,SUOYIDIANCHIBIAOCHENGRONGLIANGC≥3.125/0.6=5.2Ah。KAOLVWENDUYINGXIANG、HOUJIXIAOLV、SHEJIYULIANGJIHUOHUTIYUappGUIGEDENGYINSU,KEXUANYONGDekaPAI12V/7AhDIANCHILIANGKUAI(CHUANLIAN);

(3)CHONGDIANKONGZHIDIANLUCAIYONGLECHONGFANGDIANKONGZHIZHUANYONGXINPIANCC2024HESANDUANWENYAJICHENGKUAI,SHIDEZHENGGEDIANLUJIJIANDANYOUKEKAO。

HENGLIUDIANLUYOULM217GOUCHENG(IC=0.7A)。YOUYUSANDUANJICHENGWENYAQICANSHUYOULIANG,GUOZAINENGLIQIANG,ERQIEJUYOUQUANGONGNENGZIBAOHU(GUOLIU、GUOYA、GUORE),YOUQIGOUCHENGHENGLIUYUANDIANLU,XINGNENGKEKAO,XINGJIABIGAO。

CC2024SHIWEI24VDIANCHICHONGFANGDIANKONGZHISHEJIDEZHUANYONGHOUMOJICHENGDIANLU,QIZHUYAOGONGNENGRUXIA:

(1)CHONGDIANSHANGXIANDIANYAXIANZHIUOmax=27.5V(JISUANYIJUCANJIANBIAO1);

(2)FANGDIANXIAXIANDIANYAXIANZHIUOmin=21.5V(JISUANYIJUCANJIANBIAO2);

(3)XUDIANCHIFANJIXINGBAOJINGDANGDIANCHIDEJIXINGJIEFANSHI,

WAIJIEFENGMINGQIBAOJING;

(4)CHONGDIANSHANGXIANDIANYAWENDUBUCHANG。

6SHIYANSHUJU

WEILEYANZHENGSHEJIDEZHENGQUEXINGJIDIANLUDEKEXINGXING,HUOHUTIYUappDUIANTU4ZUZHUANGDE40TAODCUPSJINXINGLE4TAOCHOUYANGSHIYAN。QIZAIXIANGONGZUOXINGNENGRUBIAO4SUOSHI。

BIAO4SHUJUBIAOMING,GAIJIDIANYUANDIAOZHENGLVJIDI(YINWEICAIYONGLIANGJIZHILIUBIANHUAN),FUZAIDIAOZHENGLVJIWENDUPIAOYIJUNJIAOXIAO,QUANWENQUANZAIFANWEIQIDONGXINGNENGLIANGHAO,CHONGDIANKONGZHIJIWENDUBUCHANGZUOYONGMINGXIAN,FUHESHEJIBIAOZHUN。

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